Viral Hepatitis

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) can cause a short-term (acute) infection which may become a long term (chronic) infection. HCV is transmitted mainly through contact with contaminated blood. Sexual transmission of HCV is possible, but it is rare. Hepatitis C can also be transmitted from mother to baby.

IONA Patient Brochure

During your pregnancy, the health of your baby is typically monitored by your doctor, using a variety of screening tests. These can include ultrasound scans and maternal serum tests. These screening tests assist your doctor in determining whether your baby is at risk of health conditions, including genetic conditions, such as Down Syndrome.

Malaria Patient Leaflet

Malaria is a serious, and sometimes fatal, disease caused by a parasite that infects red blood cells. Five species of the malaria parasite infect humans. Plasmodium falciparum, the parasite that causes cerebral malaria, is the most dangerous; the other 3 types of parasite (vivax, malariae, and ovale) generally cause less serious disease. The fifth parasite, Plasmodium knowlesi, is presently a rare cause of malaria.

HPV Patient Leaflet

HPV is the most common sexually transmitted virus. Approximately three out of four people who have sex will get a genital HPV infection at some point during their lives. HPV is not the same virus as HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) or HSV (herpes simplex virus) which are other sexually transmitted viral infections.

Influenza Patient Leaflet

Influenza (“Flu”) is an infectious respiratory disease caused by the influenza virus. It can range from a mild infection to severe life-threatening disease. There are three main types of influenza viruses: influenza A, B and C. In South Africa, influenza infections are usually seen during our winter months, typically between April and October. Two subtypes (strains) of influenza A and one subtype of influenza B typically circulate in a given season. These are referred to as the circulating seasonal influenza strains.

HIV Patient Pamphlet

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that infects and slowly destroys certain cells of the immune system.

Anaemia Patient Leaflet

Anaemia is a condition where there are insufficient healthy red blood cells in the body. Anaemia may be temporary or long term and can range from mild to severe. Worldwide, the most common cause of anaemia is iron deficiency, an essential nutrient required by the body to make haemoglobin. Red blood cells contain haemoglobin which is the transport molecule for oxygen and carbon dioxide. Without sufficient haemoglobin, the blood stream cannot carry sufficient oxygen to the tissues and organs.

Urine Collection Leaflet

This pamphlet has been issued to you because your doctor has requested a specific urine test. Our nursing staff will indicate which method of collection you must use. Please follow the instructions below for correct and safe collection of the sample.

Prostate Cancer Patient Leaflet

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer among males in South Africa and occurs more often in men older than 50 years. Although the prevalence of prostate cancer is high, most men will not die from their prostate cancer due to the slow growth of the cancer (most are non-aggressive). According to the SA National Cancer Registry (2013), the average lifetime risk for developing prostate cancer is 5.6 %, or 1 in 18 for all males. Asian males have a 1:27 risk, black males a 1:29 risk, coloured males a 1:15 risk and white males a 1:9 risk; with the risk increasing with increasing age.

Diabetes Patient Leaflet

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterised by a raised level of glucose (or sugar) in the blood. Diabetes is the result of either insulin deficiency (type 1) or resistance to the actions of insulin (type 2).

Osteoporosis Patient Leaflet

Osteoporosis is a disease of bone, therefore understanding bone is important to understand the disease.

Bruising Patient Leaflet

A bruise occurs when blood leaks out of the small blood vessels beneath the skin, building up in the surrounding tissue. Bruises can occur in any area of the body and may result from a small superficial injury to the skin itself or may be a sign of a deep trauma to an underlying bone/muscle. Bruises do not blanch under pressure and can be painful to touch.

Obesity Patient Leaflet

Your doctor has requested that the laboratory perform an HIV test on you. The purpose of this document is to inform you of this request, provide you with some information about the HIV virus, and to obtain your consent for the test to be done. This consent does not constitute pre-test counselling which should be provided by your doctor or a trained counsellor.